False vacuum (Cosmic Catastrophe series #4)

False vacuum (Cosmic Catastrophe series #4). Digitally rendered drawing. Harjo Neutkens 2013

In quantum field theory, a false vacuum is a metastable sector of space that appears to be a perturbative vacuum, but is unstable due to instanton effects that may tunnel to a lower energy state. This tunneling can be caused by quantum fluctuations or the creation of high-energy particles.

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